Maro Publications

Cellulose Fibers

Notes

*4/11/2013
from 5/23/2012

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Cellulose Microfibers (Lyocell)

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Fibers

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Notes

Cellulose fibers are fibers from some plant or plant-based materials. They are usually categorized as "natural" or "manufactured".

Natural cellulose fibers are fibers that are still recognizable as being from a part of the original plant because they are only processed as much as needed to clean the fibers for use. For example, cotton fibers look like the soft fluffy cotton balls that they come from. Linen fibers look like the strong fiberous strands of the flax plant. All "natural" fibers go through a process where they are separated from the parts of the plant that are not used for the end product, usually through harvesting, separating from chaff, scouring, etc.

Manufactured cellulose fibers come from plants that are processed into a wood and then extruded in the same ways that synthetic fibers like polyester or nylon are made. Rayon or viscose is one of the most common "manufactured" cellulose fibers, and it can be made from wood pulp.

In the textile industry regenerated cellulose is used as fibers such as rayon, (including modal, and the more recently developed Lyocell). Cellulose fibers are manufactured from dissolving pulp. Cellulose-based fibers are of two types, regenerated or pure cellulose such as from the cupro-ammonium process and modified cellulose such as the cellulose acetates.

The first artificial fiber, known as artificial silk, became known as viscose around 1894, and finally rayon in 1924. A similar product known as cellulose acetate was discovered in 1865. Rayon and acetate are both artificial fibers, but not truly synthetic, being made from wood. Although these artificial fibers were discovered in the mid-nineteenth century, successful modern manufacture began much later”

(Wikipedia, Cellulose Fibers, 5/23/2012

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Copyright 2012 by Roger D. Corneliussen.
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* Date of latest addition; date of first entry is 5/23/2012.